Nail fungus, also known as onychomycosis, is a common condition that can cause nails to become thickened, discolored, and brittle. There are several treatments available for nail fungus, including both topical and oral medications, as well as some home remedies. Here's an overview of the most common treatments:
Topical medications are applied directly to the affected nail(s). These medications typically contain antifungal agents, such as terbinafine or ciclopirox. They may be available in the form of a cream, lotion, or nail lacquer.
While topical medications can be effective for mild cases of nail fungus, they may not penetrate the nail deeply enough to treat more severe infections.
Oral medications are taken by mouth and are typically more effective than topical medications for treating nail fungus. These medications are prescribed by a healthcare provider and may include terbinafine, itraconazole, or fluconazole.
Oral medications can have side effects, so it's important to discuss the risks and benefits with your healthcare provider before starting treatment.
Laser treatment is a newer option for treating nail fungus. During the procedure, a laser is used to heat and destroy the fungus that is present in the nail. This treatment is typically more expensive than other options and may not be covered by insurance.
There are several home remedies that have been suggested for treating nail fungus, such as soaking the affected nail in vinegar or tea tree oil. While these remedies may be inexpensive and easy to try, there is limited scientific evidence to support their effectiveness.
Prevention is the best way to avoid nail fungus. To prevent nail fungus, it's important to keep your feet clean and dry, wear shoes that fit well and allow your feet to breathe, and avoid walking barefoot in public areas such as locker rooms and showers.
In conclusion, there are several treatments available for nail fungus, including topical and oral medications, laser treatment, and home remedies. Prevention is also key to avoiding nail fungus. If you suspect that you have nail fungus, it's important to speak with Dr. Harris to determine the best course of treatment for your individual needs.